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Cases of blindness and visual impairment decline dramatically across India | India News

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NEW DELHI: There’s some excellent news. Blindness and visible impairment (VI) in India diminished by 47.1% and 51.9%, respectively, in 2019, in total inhabitants as in comparison with WHO’s figures of 2010.
Nevertheless, India is but to attain WHO’s objective of decreasing blindness to 0.3% of the whole inhabitants, as the current figures stand at 0.36%.

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In response to a current research for estimating the prevalence of blindness and visible impairment within the Indian inhabitants, multiple fourth of individuals aged 50 years and above are visually impaired in India and the prevalence of blindness amongst them is 1.99%.
The research has been printed in peer evaluation scientific journal, PLOS (in ophthalmology). In response to WHO, an individual who’s unable to depend fingers from a distance of three metres could be thought of “blind”.

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The survey was carried out from 2015 to 2019 by Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences of the AIIMS, in collaboration with the Union well being ministry, utilizing the Speedy Evaluation of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) methodology.
It lined 93,018 individuals, aged 50 years, in 31 districts over 24 states and Union territories, with the help of Nationwide Programme for Management of Blindness & Visible Impairment (NPCB&VI).
Among the many 31 surveyed districts, the very best prevalence was seen in Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh (3.7%), whereas the bottom was in Thrissur, Kerala (1.1%).
Prevalence of blindness was larger amongst females than males in all districts besides Khera (Gujarat), Birbhum (West Bengal), and Kadapa (Andhra Pradesh), the place prevalence amongst males was larger. In Warangal (Telangana) there was equal prevalence amongst men and women.
Principal investigator of the survey and officer in command of group ophthalmology of Dr RP Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, Dr Praveen Vashist, stated untreated cataract continues to be the commonest reason behind blindness and visible impairment in adults aged 50 years or extra regardless of almost 65 lakh cataract surgical procedures carried out in India, with a mean cataract surgical price of almost 5,000 per 10 lakh inhabitants per yr.
“After such findings, it was recommended we conduct 2.7 crore surgical procedures within the subsequent three years, underneath GOI initiative, to scale back the prevalence price of blindness,” he added.
The survey protocol was permitted by the Institute Ethics Committee, AIIMS, New Delhi, and funded by the federal government of India.
The main causes of blindness included cataract (66.2%), adopted by corneal opacity (8.2%), cataract surgical problems (7.2%), posterior section issues (5.9%), and glaucoma (5.5%).
The proportion of blindness and visible impairment that is because of avoidable causes is 92.9% and 97.4%, respectively.
Dr Vashist stated India has carried out a collection of efficient measures in its present Nationwide Programme for Management of Blindness and Visible Impairment (NPCB&VI) to fight the state of affairs, and it has resulted in a major decline in prevalence of blindness over the previous few many years.
Within the inhabitants aged 50 years and above, the prevalence of blindness has declined from 5.3% in 2001 to three.6% in 2007, and to 1.9% within the present survey.
The research revealed {that a} larger prevalence was famous in females than in males and individuals residing in rural areas had larger prevalence of blindness than these residing in city areas.
Additionally, individuals who’re illiterate had almost six instances larger odds of being blind than those that are educated, the research acknowledged.




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